Tag Archives: Ousmane Sembène

XL Popcorn – Ceddo

List Item: Watch all of the “1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die”
Progress: 834/1007Title: Ceddo
Director: Ousmane Sembène
Year: 1977
Country: Senegal

If it wasn’t for me having watched Moolaadé a few years ago during my cubital tunnel inflammation ordeal, this would have been the first new country to add to my (somewhat neglected) world cinema challenge. However, that’s where we are with the 1001 list and Ceddo was by no means a waste of time.

These two entries by Ousmane Sembène on the list are a rare concession for a country not traditionally known for their cinema. It’s great to have them here (and honestly more concessions need to be made) because it gives access to different stories and experiences. It does mean that there is an accessibility issue when it comes to cultural givens, as many things in Ceddo go unexplained, but I learned a lot from this film.

The story takes place in Senegal several hundred years ago, in a village whose culture is under attack. The king and his court have recently converted to Islam, one member is started to introduce Christianity and people are selling their own relatives to the nearby white slave traders in exchange for guns and ammo. In order to try and preserve their way of life, some of the subjects who had yet to convert (the titular ‘ceddo’) kidnap a royal princess.

Firstly, I didn’t realize that people actually sold their own children to white people so they could get their hands on guns. Also, I had never really considered the spread of Islam into Africa via the sort of missionary tactics that Christians did. I mean it makes sense as that had to spread around the world somehow, but I’ve never seen a film that explicitly deals with the damage that spread had on the local population after it was introduced.

The story itself is really interesting and brutal, even if the use of modern jazz-style music did throw me off a bit. Did I wish that some of the scenes in the royal court took less time? Yes, because it would have meant more time for actual story (like seeing the death of a major character rather than them being killed offscreen). However, it’s a great introduction into a different world of cinema and one that makes me want to watch other Ousmane Sembène like Xala and Black Girl.

Around The World In 100 Films – Senegal & Cuba

So continueth the dictated film reviews! Damn these wrists!

List Item: Watch films from 100 different nations
Progress: 42/100

List Item: Watch all of the “1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die”
moolaadeTitle: Moolaadé
Director: Ousmane Sembène
Year: 2004
Country: Senegal

For this pair of films I figured it was high time I tried to put more countries on the map. It means that, for the first film, I’m having to take a risk on a later film that may be removed from the next edition of the list. Then again, seeing how this list is meant to embody the great variety of cinema this may end up being a fairly safe bet. There are very few African films on the 1001 list. The reason behind this is fairly obvious: compared to the rest the world Africa does not have such a strong canon of cinema as they tend to have bigger fish to fry.

There are of course some exceptions, and I’m not talking about Nollywood which are generally seen as low quality despite a massive output. Senegalese director Ousmane Sembene has made many acclaimed films and Moolaadé is the only one of his oeuvre to make it on the list. I am surprised that his equally acclaimed film Xala did not made the cut, but I venture that this is a far more important film.

Moolaadé is set in an isolated African village. The filming took place in Burkina Faso, but as far as I’m aware it is never mentioned where this town actually is. They have chosen to be isolated for they fear the encroach of the modern world on their traditions. This is a village that still believe the story of a king being turned into an anthill after going against moolaadé (a type of magical protection) even though they converted to Islam many generations ago. This is also a village that still engages in ritualistic female genital mutilation in the name of Allah (a practice that Islam has actually denounced) and this is where the story begins.

Whilst the film is didactic in tone there’s so much life and colour that this does not feel like an exploitative Nanook of the North style film. These are real people. Okay fine they are actors playing a role, I wager a significant number of the women involved have been through this act of barbarism. I know it is easy for someone in the west to call it an act of barbarism, but what else is there to call it? If even their own religion has a ban on it then why does it go ahead?

This is the point of the film. It takes on the ideas of both equality and outside influence. When the girls come to Collé for protection they do so out of their own choice. The two girls of the six that do not go to Collé end up drowning themselves out of fear of the “purification”. It’s so easy for the men of the village, who do not have to perform the ceremony themselves, to blame Collé and outside influences (aka the radio). Despite demanding that this ceremony goes ahead they have no part in it instead they rely on bullying tactics and the few medicine women on their side to keep this tradition going. Never mind that these men have lost daughters to this ceremony (as it kills 15 per cent of women and those that survive may be in constant pain for the rest of their lives), this doesn’t seem to factor in as going against tradition will cause them to lose face.

I did not have high hopes going into this movie despite the fact that my hero Roger Ebert listed this as one of his Great Movies. It just felt like one of those films that have all the subtlety of a drunk rhino and how wrong was I. This movie is important. We in the west cannot make this film because it looks like us imposing our view of the world onto others. What Ousmane Sembene has done is to give us the window where we can view the land he grew up in. I just hope that the brave women, the mercenary and the son of the chieftain are indicative of a rising swell of opinion and action in these areas. No girl should ever have to deal with this. And I think every man should be made to confront what they’re doing should they champion this act.

Title: Memories of Underdevelopment (Memorias del Subdesarrollo)
Director: Tomás Gutiérrez Alea
Year: 1968
Country: Cuba

Memories of Underdevelopment is arguably the most critically acclaimed film to come out of Cuba… I did not get it. Now, it is not that I don’t appreciate the film that breaks with general structure. In fact watching films that do things in different ways is the reason that completing the 1001 book is on my bucket list.

The idea is very promising. You have a film which tells the story with a mixture of documentary film and drama. I don’t know if it’s me, but this is an idea I feel a lot of recently (i.e. Close-Up) so I know this can be done very well. With the setting of this film being Cuba during its turbulent time in the 1960s there should have really been interesting. Now there are interesting parts where he looks a bit more into the history and goes along the moor documentary road. It’s when the main character starts thinking about women he slept with the other things of lesser consequence that I start to phase out.

One thing to note is how the storytelling happens. It is all fairly train of thought so as to mimic memory retrieval. Think Memento but instead of going backwards it’s a bit more scattershot. Since this is how humans work it’s an interesting way to present the narrative threads. However, in this instance it just did not work for me.

The afterthoughts I have been confronted with is the knowledge that I know next to nothing about Cuba other than what I learnt about Cold War in GCSE history. Maybe I need to find an actual documentary to learn more as that would be interesting.

Progress: 502/1007